Topic

双相情感障碍 (过去称躁郁症)Bipolar Disorder(中英对照)

双相情感障碍 (过去称躁郁症)Bipolar Disorder(中英对照)

关键词:双相情感障碍、情感、情绪、焦虑、躁狂、抑郁、心理治疗、心理辅导、bipolar disorder、mood、feeling、anxiety、mania、depression、psychotherapy、counseling

什麽是双向情感障碍?

双向情感障碍是一种情绪障碍。患者会经历特别“高涨”和“低落”的情绪,这和我们通常经历的情绪起伏是不一样。严重的双相情感障碍可以影响到患者的家庭生活、工作、和社会交往...甚至可导致自杀。

 

 

 

双相情感障碍的形成原因

导致双相情感障碍的原因不是单一的。家族史和大脑化学物质的不平衡是主要原因。一个人的个性和外界压力可能会促使双相情感障碍的发生。

 

 

双相情感障碍的症状和表现

双相情感障碍患者的情绪变化在两个极端间变化,比如明显的“高涨”(躁狂)和明显的“低落”(忧郁)。有些患者在躁狂和忧郁转换期间会有一个比较正常的情绪阶段。躁狂期可持续数天至数月;忧郁期可持续数周至数月。症状表现偏离了这个患者正常的行为模式。

 

 

躁狂期的症状有:

- 情绪特别好

- 精力旺盛或坐立不安

- 太多的想法且思维太快

- 话多且快(和以往比较)

- 对睡眠的需要减少且不敢疲乏

- 对事物的判断能力下降,且轻易采取

   行动。例如:花很多钱、危险驾驶、

   酗酒或吸毒、和人起冲突、愚蠢的财

   务决定等

- 性欲增加

- 无法集中精力

- 过高地估计自己的能力。例如:相信自己是上帝或具有特殊的能力(比如能飞行)、比他人聪明等。

- 得意洋洋

 

 

 

忧郁期的症状有:

- 感觉很悲哀或者没有缘由地哭泣

- 感觉绝望和空虚

- 感觉内疚或自身没有价值

- 对过去喜欢做的事情失去兴趣或不能

   从中获得享受的感觉

- 精力下降或感到疲倦

- 思考问题能力下降或记忆力下降

- 睡眠过多或过少

- 食欲下降或增加

- 自杀的念头

 

 

 

双相情感障碍的治疗

双相情感障碍一旦确诊对治疗的反应良好。由于双相情感障碍的症状会循环出现,需要坚持长期持续的治疗。心理治疗和药物治疗的结合效果会更好。有时为了取得更好的效果,治疗计划也许不断修正。来自家人、朋友和自助小组的支持也很有帮助。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FWTherapy  FWT心理工作室

416-816-9721

fwtherapy@yahoo.com

www.francywang.com

www.fwtherapy.com

 

What is Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar Disorder is a mood disorder. A person with Bipolar Disorder has extreme "highs" and "lows" in mood. It is different from the normal ups and downs that everybody goes through. Severe types of this illness can cause problems at home, work, school or social life…it may even result in suicide.

 

What causes Bipolar Disorder?

There is no one reason why someone develops Bipolar Disorder. Family history and brain chemistry play a big role in producing the illness. One's personality and stress can bring on the illness.

 

Signs and Symptoms

A person with Bipolar disorder has extreme changes in mood, such as overly "high" (Mania) and overly "low" (Depression). Some people have periods of normal mood in between. Periods of Mania may last several days to months. Periods of Depression may last several weeks to months. These symptoms are a change from the person's normal

behaviour.

 

Symptoms of Mania may include:

· Very good mood

· Increased energy and restlessness

· Too many ideas too fast

· Talking more than usual or very quickly

· Less need for sleep, without feeling

tired

· Poor judgment and acting without

thinking. For example, spending a lot of

money, careless driving, increased use  

of alcohol or drugs, getting into fights,

foolish financial decisions, etc.

· Increased sex drive

· Unable to focus

· Exaggerated beliefs in one's abilities.

  For example, believing he/she is god or  

has special powers (such as being able 

to fly), thinking he/she is smarter than

others, etc.

· Feeling "on top of the world"

 

Symptoms of Depression may include:

• Feeling sad crying for no obvious

reason

• Feeling hopeless and empty

• Feelings of guilty or worthless

• Loss of interest or pleasure in activities

once enjoyed

• Low energy or feeling tired

• Difficulty thinking or remembering

things

• Sleeping too much or too little

• Eating less or more than usual

• Thoughts of suicide

 

What are the treatments?

Bipolar disorder responds well to treatment once the illness has been diagnosed. Since the symptoms of Bipolar Disorder will keep coming back, ongoing treatment is needed. A combination of medication and psychosocial treatment (such as stress management) is best for managing the illness over time. Sometimes changes to the treatment plan may be needed to manage the illness effectively. Support from family, friends and self help groups can also be very helpful.

 

 

FWTherapy  FWT心理工作室

416-816-9721

fwtherapy@yahoo.com

www.francywang.com

www.fwtherapy.com

 

 

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