如果弗洛伊德去了墨西哥......

2022/02/25 admin 285

如果弗洛伊德去了墨西哥......

Francy Wang

1/31/2022


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今天,当我在等待一位迟到的来访者时,读了一篇 Pocket 推荐的文章,"Mexico's Little-Known Attempt to Save Freud From the Nazis." (Auther: Ruben Gallo) 了解了一段我以前不知道的历史。


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我们知道,在 1938 年,盖世太保搜查了精神分析出版社并拘留了弗洛伊德的女儿安娜.弗洛伊德。他和家人像奥地利的所有犹太人一样处于危险境地。他的朋友们试图营救他。文章说,在第二战期间的1938 年,有人试图从墨西哥拯救弗洛伊德因为他们把弗洛伊德的理论看成是马克思主义者或墨西哥斯大林主义者类似的激进思想,其中红色援助国际组织(Red Aid International) 和其他工会组织向墨西哥总统卡德纳斯发电报,敦促墨西哥政府从维也纳救出弗洛伊德。当然我们知道最终弗洛伊德去了英国。

文章说如果救援成功,他会住在墨西哥科约阿坎(Coyoacan)一个安静的街区,那里居住着许多知识分子。他可能会分析许多艺术家、作家、诗人和学者。他的许多邻居将成为躺在沙发上接受他的分析,这些人可能有乌裔俄罗斯马克思主义理论家和共产主义者Leon Trotsky,墨西哥作家和诗人Salvador Novo,墨西哥首席大法官和法律学者Raul Carrancay Trujillo,诗人和剧作家Xavier Villaurrutia,化学家兼作家 Jorge Cuesta、诗人兼外交官 Octavio Paz、编剧兼记者 Elena Garro、作家兼女权主义者 Anotieta Rivas Mercado 和艺术家 Frida Kahlo。

想象想这些未曾发生的遇见让我心荡神怡。假设弗洛伊德的思想受到了这许多人诗人、作家、艺术家、科学家和马克思主义者的启发。弗洛伊德的理论会是现在这个样子吗?他会修正或把新的思想增加到他的理论中吗?今天的精神分析情形是否会有所不同呢?

感到非常有趣,立马订购了作者的书:Freud's Mexico: Into the Wilds of Psychoanalysis!书中还写些什么呢?


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If Freud Had come to Mexico......

Francy Wang

1/31/2022


Today, while I was waiting for a client (who came late), I read a Pocket recommended article, "Mexico's Little-Known Attempt to Save Freud From the Nazis." (Auther: Ruben Gallo) I learned a history that I did not know previously.


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We know, in 1938, post-Anschluss Austria, the Gestapo searched the Psychoanalytic Publishing House and detained Freud's daughter Anna Freud. The world knew that he and his family were dangerous like all the Jewish people in Austria. His friends tried to rescue him. The article says that during the Second World War, in 1938, there was an effort to rescue Freud from Mexico. Viewing Freud's theory is akin to the Marxist or Mexican Starlinist's, the Red Aid International and other labour unions sent telegrams to Mexico president Cardenas, urging the Mexica government to rescue Freud from Vienna. It did not go through because we know he went to England instead.

If the rescue had been successful, he would have lived in a quiet neighbourhood Coyoacan in Mexico, where many intellectuals resided. He probably had analyzed many artists, writers, poets, and scholars.

Then many of his neighbours would have become his patients on his coach, probably include Ukrainian Russian Marxist Revolutionary political theorist and communist Leon Trotsky, Mexican writer and poet Salvador Novo, Mexican chief justice and legal academic Raul Carrancay Trujillo, poet and playwright Xavier Villaurrutia, chemist and writer Jorge Cuesta, poet and diplomat Octavio Paz, screenwriter and journalist Elena Garro, writer and feminist Anotieta Rivas Mercado, and artist Frida Kahlo.

Fantasizing these unhappened encounters fascinated me. Suppose the great mind of Freud had been stimulated by so many other great minds, the poets, writers, artists, scientists, and Marxists. Would Freud modify or add something to his theory? Would psychoanalysis today be different?

Being fascinated, I ordered the author's book—Freud's Mexico: Into the Wilds of Psychoanalysis—right away!


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Francy Wang 王方

January 30, 2022 in Toronto

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